People’s perception of their quality of life changes dramatically when faced with crisis situations.
In the context of critical situations, such as pandemics, wars or natural disasters, the quality of life can be perceived as lower due to fear, worry and illness, but also due to the limitation of everyday activities.
However, not everyone is equally impacted by crisis situations, and there are individuals who manage to successfully cope with most of the problems they face.
One of the important factors that can be a positive predictor of quality of life, regardless of the circumstances, is self-efficacy. It is assumed that self-efficacy influences the adaptation of the individuals and the changes they made.
In the present study, we aim to analyse the relationship between a series of socio-demographic variables, self-efficacy (as an inner resource), job insecurity and quality of life.
The results obtained in this study show that the research hypothesis is largely supported by the analysed data. Thus, gender (male) and monthly income (high) are positively associated with quality of life, but not education level (high).
At the same time, self-efficacy is significantly and positively associated with quality of life, slightly mitigating the role of gender and monthly income.
Another important factor to our study is monthly income. Our results show the important role that financial stability and the material aspects of life play, especially money, which is the currency of exchange for the joy of living.
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a lot of changes to people’s lives. The quality of life is changing its coordinates, attention being mainly paid to maintaining health and a decent life. In adverse situations, people manage to prioritize their actions so as to conserve their resources. Financial aspects such as personal income represent an essential resource, but also a means of meeting basic needs. Complex situations call for complex measures. Thus, during the COVID-19 pandemic, but also during other critical life events, greater attention should be paid not only to maintaining health by protecting against illness, but also to maintaining an adequate mental balance for a high quality of life.
In Romania, faced with an aging and ineffective public health system, the population must protect itself and keep its quality of life at acceptable levels. Women seem to be more affected than men, which require taking protective measures not only at the organizational level, but at the family and community level. Women themselves must try to balance their lives and balance their daily activities in ways that do not expose them to additional stress.
The results obtained in this study can contribute to the development of protection programs addressed especially to women. These programs can be implemented at the community level and can include training for time management, emotional balancing, and harmonious combination of daily activities by eliminating those activities that are unnecessary or that can be postponed, by practicing relaxation techniques or by assigning tasks to the other members of the family.
Within organizations, such programs can be implemented within employee protection policies and can be materialized in differentiated working schedules, combining work from home with work from the office, extending deadlines, etc.
Research Article: Quality of Life during COVID-19 Pandemic in a Romanian Sample